Today, let’s talk about the history of China. We all know that China lasted for 5,000 years, from The goddess patching the sky and Pangu to our new century.How profound is our Chinese culture? Let’s talk about it today.
Of course, our friends who know history will definitely have a certain foundation. I don’t know which dynasty you like best. If you ask me, I prefer the Sui Dynasty, the Tang Dynasty, the Song Dynasty and the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It seems that all these dynasties like it. Let’s talk about the Sui Dynasty first.In my opinion, the Sui Dynasty was the most miserable dynasty in China. Why? The Sui Dynasty only survived for 37 years, which is far from the Tang Dynasty!
However, an important reason for the prosperity of the Tang Dynasty lies in the solid foundation of the Sui Dynasty. The Sui Dynasty was a neglected dynasty. Although the Sui Dynasty was short-lived, its achievements were very great.For example, ending separatism and unifying the whole country; Building the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal to connect the North and the South; Expedition to Goguryeo; Open the examination, the imperial examination is from; Develop the Western Regions … But why did the Sui Dynasty perish? Emperor Yangdi! If we compare the achievements of Emperor Wendi of Sui with those of Emperor Yangdi of Sui Dynasty, we can say in seven words: "Lao Tzu is a hero bastard!" " Like the eastward expedition to Koguryo, the national strength of the Sui Dynasty was greatly reduced; Like a scandal of taking a seat; Going down to the south of the Yangtze River never came back, which led to chaos in the world … All this led to the accelerated demise of the Sui Dynasty.
Then let’s talk about the Tang Dynasty. The Tang Dynasty is recognized by the world as one of the most powerful times in China. Where is its strong foundation? Lies in the merits of the Sui Dynasty. If there were no imperial examinations initiated by the Sui Dynasty and the construction of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, where would the Tang Dynasty be strong? In addition to a solid foundation, there are also heroes in the early Tang Dynasty.For example, Emperor Taizong; Wei Zhi, Changsun Wuji, Fang Xuanling, Du Ruhui, Wei Chijingde, Li Jing and Qin Shubao also made great contributions to the prosperity of the Tang Dynasty.
However, why did the Tang Dynasty perish? Everyone says that "the beauty is a disaster" and that without Yang Guifei, the Tang Dynasty would not have perished so quickly. Right? Not quite right. I think there are three major factors in the demise of the Tang Dynasty:Eunuch’s authoritarian power, the separatist regime of the buffer region and the dispute of cronies.Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty loved Yang Guifei, which led to the Anshi Rebellion. However, the Anshi Rebellion alone could not destroy the Tang Dynasty, but it had a certain effect. Therefore, the mid-Tang period and the post-Tang period are very tragic! It wasted the achievements of the early Tang Dynasty and the Sui Dynasty, so the demise of the Tang Dynasty is a matter of course!
What about the Song Dynasty? In fact, there were three Song Dynasties in ancient China (there were also Song Dynasties in the pre-Qin period, only the Song Kingdom).One is Liu Song Dynasty, the other is Han’s post-Song Dynasty, and the other is Zhao Song Dynasty.Look at the Zhao and Song Dynasties first. How was the Zhao and Song Dynasties established? Let’s start from the next week. In 959 AD, Zhou Shizong Chai Rong suddenly fell ill and died. The Prime Minister Fan Zhi was asked to help Chai Rong’s youngest son Chai Zongxun succeed him as Emperor Gong. But the emperor was only seven years old. On the first day of the first month of the following year, he got wind that Qidan and the Northern Han Dynasty sent troops south. Fan Zhi, the ruling minister of the Zhou Dynasty, and others did not distinguish between true and false, and hurriedly sent Zhao Kuangyin to command the armies to resist north.However, when the army arrived in Chen Qiaoyi, a big event happened-the Chen Qiaoyi mutiny.
Finally, the yellow robe was added, and Zhao Kuangyin became the emperor. After a set of twists and turns, the Northern Song Dynasty was established. This leads to a problem: Zhao Kuangyin was a general who was inspected in front of the temple in the later Zhou Dynasty! When Zhao Kuangyin became emperor, he was also afraid! Afraid of what? I’m afraid that in case other generals mutiny like myself, I’ll have the right to release the soldiers with a glass of wine. Because of Zhao Kuangyin’s thoughts and actions, the Song Dynasty suffered a long-term military malaise, which made the Song Dynasty repeatedly fail in foreign wars.
What was it after the Song Dynasty? Everyone is most familiar with the Ming Dynasty.The Ming dynasty can be said to have started from scratch, and Zhu Yuanzhang founded the Ming dynasty, which can be said to be a peasant’s world.In the Red Scarf Uprising at the end of Yuan Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang joined the team of Guo Zixing, who was called the King of Wu in 1364 and the West Wu in history. At the beginning of 1368, he proclaimed himself emperor, with the title Daming.There were many famous things in the Ming Dynasty. For example, in the Ming Dynasty, in order to strengthen the absolute monarchy, the right-hand man of the emperor was abolished, that is, the prime minister. Then there was the cabinet system, which was actually the secretary of the emperor.In addition, in the Ming Dynasty, there were many great battles, the reign of Yongle and the reign of Renxuan.
There were still many such prosperous times in the Ming Dynasty, but why did the Ming Dynasty finally perish? Occupied by foreigners? In 1449, the change of the civil fort took place, and the Ming Dynasty at this time turned from prosperity to decline. Then, at the end of the Ming Dynasty, politics was corrupt. In addition, the Donglin Party fought and there were natural and man-made disasters. Then there was the peasant uprising, which eventually led to the demise of the Ming Dynasty.
What about after the Ming Dynasty? It’s the Qing dynasty,The Qing Dynasty was the last feudal dynasty in the history of China.In fact, they have a long history. We all know that the ruler of the Qing Dynasty was Manchu, so it already existed when Nurhachi was founded. Then Huang taiji changed the title to Qing, and the Qing army entered the customs, and then the Qing Dynasty was established.We all say that the success of the Qing Dynasty is also due to women, and the failure is also due to women. So when it comes to the Qing Dynasty, we have to say that we are familiar with two women, namely Xiao Zhuang and Cixi.
Some of us may have watched the TV series The Secret History of Xiaozhuang, so we are familiar with the present situation. In history, Xiao Zhuang’s evaluation is basically good, but for Cixi, her evaluation is not as good as Xiao Zhuang’s. In addition, there are many emperors we are familiar with in the Qing Dynasty, such as Yesan, Kangxi, Qianlong and Yongzheng. They are perhaps the most famous in the history of the Qing Dynasty. Moreover, most of them know a little about their history, whether they are literate or uneducated. We can know the same thing when we watch TV plays, although many of them are not in line with historical facts. We often watch, for example, Kangxi traveling incognito, Ji Xiaolan with iron teeth and copper teeth, Princess Huanzhu, and many other TV dramas related to them.
Why should I say these dynasties? Because these dynasties are representative.Sui Dynasty, one of the most prosperous dynasties in China, is a pity that Emperor Yangdi was arrogant and extravagant; China was recognized as one of the most powerful times in the Tang Dynasty, but it was a pity that eunuchs were authoritarian, and the separatist regime in the buffer region and the factional struggle; Song dynasty, the most prosperous dynasty in economy, unfortunately valued literature over martial arts, which made Song dynasty repeatedly fail in foreign wars. From this point of view, the Ming and Qing Dynasties were similar. It’s sad, sad and bleak to savor the ancient history of China … but there are also countless times of peace and prosperity, and it’s precisely because of this that we have a profound Chinese culture.